THE INTERNET GLOSSARY

compiled by Bob Ciaffone

For any terms that are not in my compilation try one of these places:
The Web Dictionary of Cybernetics and Systems
NetGlos-The Multilingual Glossary of Internet Technology
Acronyms
For a far more complete list see Babel
(A glossary of computer-oriented abbreviations and acronyms.)
ASKII–American Standard Code for Information Exchange–A computer language; a systematically coded way of representing letters, numbers, and characters by bits.
ATM–Asynchronous Transfer Mode–A method of information transfer on a network that does not require the recipient to receive at the same rate the transmission is sent.
BBS–Bulletin Board System–A method of having an Internet meeting-place for the exchange of information and viewpoints by like-minded people.
BCC–Blind Carbon Copy–A copy of an e-mail transmission that is sent elsewhere unbeknown to the original recipient.
CC–Carbon Copy–A copy of an e-mail transmission which is sent to another recipient, and this information is marked on the original message.
CGI–Common Gateway Interface–A standard for external gateway programs to interface with HTTP servers.
DNS–Domain Name System–The system used to assign Internet addresses.
FTP–File Transfer Protocol–A suite of protocols used for moving files from one computer to another.
GIF–Graphics Interchange Format–A protocol used extensively on the Internet for describing graphic images in computer language.
GUI–Graphical User Interface–A system for interacting with your computer that utilizes both text and graphics.
HTML–HyperText Markup Language–The computer language used for preparing information exhibited on the World Wide Web.
HTTP–HyperText Transport Protocol–The protocol system used on the World Wide Web that enables the viewer to use the hyperlink method of accessing information.
JPEG–Joint Photographic Experts Group–A protocol used on the Internet to describe a graphic image in computer language.
MIME–Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions–A system for the transmission of non-text data by e-mail.
POP–Post Office Protocol–A system for storing e-mail in the service provider’s computer system and allowing the end-user to access it.
PPP–Point-to-Point Protocol–A method for Internet users to exchange data over telephone lines.
SLIP–Serial Line Internet Protocol–A type of Internet connection which allows a computer to interact with other Internet entities without going through a service provider’s computer.
SMTP–Simple Mail Transfer Protocol–The standard protocol system for Internet electronic mail transmissions.
TCP–Transmission Control Protocol–A suite of protocols that insure that an Internet transmission is received in its original form by the recipient.
URL–Uniform Resource Locator–An address as listed in the standard Internet address system, which specifies the location and type of service for an entity.
UUCP–Unix to Unix Copy Program–A method of data transmission between computers linked to the Internet.
WAIS–Wide Area Information Servers–A database search system.
WWW–World Wide Web–A segment of the Internet following a specified protocol system that allows many sophisticated ways of formatting data.

Names
Archie–A search system that tracks the holdings at FTP sites.
Eudora–A program for managing e-mail.
Gopher–A tool for accessing network resources that was developed at the University of Minnesota (the school mascot is the gopher).
Pico–A text editor used in the Unix system.
Pine–A system for handling e-mail developed at the University of Washington.
Telnet–A protocol system used for entering another computer on the Internet.
Tardis–The name for the main host computer at SVSU.
Unix–An operating system used by many Internet service providers.
USENET–An Internet association of newsgroups.
Terms
Absolute filename–A filename format that includes the whole path of directories from the root directory to the file.
Address–The location of a site on the Internet, which in its pure form is expressed by a number.
Alias–A shortened form of a computer command.
Anonymous FTP site–A portion of an FTP site that allows access to users who do not have an account there.
Archie search–A data search that uses the Archie program.
Attachment–A file that is linked to an e-mail communication.
Bandwidth–The bits-per-second transmission rate of a computer data communication line.
Baud rate–The bits-per-second flow of information along a communication line.
Binary file–A file written with 8-bit source code.
Bookmark–A reference file of Internet addresses that can be used for quick access to an Internet site.
Browser–A tool for locating and visiting sites on the World Wide Web.
Case sensitive–Having the property that a command will have a different meaning when a letter is capitalized.
Character-based interface–An interface that will not display graphics.
Client server–A computer with Internet access that serves as an access provider for other (client) computers.
Compression–A technique for reducing the space taken up by data in transmission or storage.
Command line interface–A way of accessing a computer based on keystrokes.
Command mode–The mode of operation where you can issue commands, usually with the aid of a prompt, and do tasks such as changing directories or deleting files.
Command prompt–The prefix symbol in a system used to indicate that a command may be issued.
Compressed file–A file that has been compressed, and thus must be decompressed before using.
Configuration–The settings on a computer that control its activities or its appearance.
Current directory–The directory your computer is in at that moment.
Cursor–The indicator on a computer screen that shows where Type will be inserted.
Cyberspace–The world of networked computers.
Decompression utility–A software program that expands compressed files.
Default–The setting that will occur if no further information is furnished.
Dial-up service provider–An Internet service provider that has the user’s computer telephone the server, rather than furnishing a direct link.
Digitalized files–Files that use a wider range of abilities such as sound or animation.
Directory–A related group of files, folders, or sub-directories that can be accessed from the same point.
Domain–(1)A limited region or field marked by some specific property. (2)The name in an Internet address following the host name, as “SVSU”.
Dot–The Internet term for the period on the keyboard.
Download–To acquire information stored on another computer.
E-Mail–Electronic mail; messages transmitted on the Internet from one computer user to another.
Emoticon–A character that is used to convey an emotion.
Encryption–The use of a coded system to prevent unauthorized access to the contents of a transmission.
Executable program–A program used to perform a task.
Extension–The last three characters of a filename that denote the type of file, usually conveying information about the source code.
External link–A hyperlink that goes to a different userspace.
Filename–The formal name of a file.
Finger site–A site that can be accessed using the “finger” command.
Floppy disk–A type of diskette containing computerized information.
Folder–The name that several files have been grouped under.
Format–Preparing a disk for use by your system, which will erase its contents.
Freeware–Computer software programs that are available at no charge.
Full-screen editor–An editor that can work with a full page, as opposed to only a line at a time.
Gateway–A computer that acts as a link between networks.
Hard disk–A magnetic disk storage device.
Hard drive–The main disk of a computer, semi-permanent, as it is not designed for easy in and out.
Hidden file–A file not intended to be viewed in a directory listing.
Hit–(1) A visit to a website. (2) A positive response to a web search.
Homepage–The primary webpage of a person or organization, that has hyperlinks to other sites on the Web.
Host computer–A computer that directly accesses the Internet.
Hotlink–See hyperlink.
Hyperlink–An underlined word of hypertext that a computer user can click on and gain direct access to a website or file.
Hypertext–Underlined text in a web document that has the property of giving the user’s computer access to that location.
Information superhighway–The buzzword in popular use for the World Wide Web.
Insert mode–The mode of operation where you can edit a document.
Interactive account–A bank account where the customer has the opportunity to conduct transactions on the Internet with the bank.
Internal link–A hyperlink that does not go outside the system.
Internet–The worldwide network of interlinked computers.
Lag–Transmission delay on the Internet.
Login–Logon
Login name–The username that identifies a person to the system.
Logon–The submission of a password enabling a user to access a database.
Logout–A computer command that ends contact, necessary to prevent unauthorized access to obtaining and altering information.
Multi-tasking–The ability of modern computers to do a number of unrelated operations simultaneously.
Network–Computers that are systematically interlinked.
On-line database–An accessable database that is capable of being connected to your computer.
On-line service–An organization that offers a large menu of Internet services to its paid subscribers. Some examples are Prodigy, Compuserve, and America Online.
Queue–A line that waits for something; bytes waiting for communication line access.
Parent directory–The immediate larger directory of a sub-directory.
Password–Coded message needed to access certain computerized information.
Pathname–The trail of directories that lead to a file.
Permission–The ability to access computerized information.
Pipe–The nickname of the Unix command !, which is a short way to reissue the previous command.
Platform independent–An application that will function properly regardless of the user’s type of computer.
Port–The connection point of a computer to a mainframe.
Prompt–The character displayed to indicate the point where you can enter a command.
Protocol–An “agreement” between computers enabling them to communicate clearly with each other.
Recursive–Defining a program in such a way that it may call upon itself.
Return key–The “enter” key.
Rich header–A display of added tools available for sending an e-mail message.
Root directory–The home directory allocated to a client.
Search engine–A computer program that is used as a tool to locate information on the Internet.
Server–A computer that provides information to Internet users.
Shareware–Computer software programs that are available on a trial basis.
Shell account–An arrangement for your computer to access the Internet through the host computer of an access service provider.
Smiley–A type of emoticon depicting a smile.
Snail mail–A disparaging nickname for regular postal service.
Source code–The representation system used for depicting the characters seen on a computer.
Spacebar–The bar at the bottom of a keyboard that advances the cursor one space.
Spreadsheet–A “sheet” for entering financial data.
Standalone–A computer capable of functioning by itself, as opposed to being a terminal of another computer.
Sub-directory–A directory that is a smaller portion of another directory.
System Administrator–The person responsible for delaying the flow of modern technology to the users of his network (!)
Terminal–An input/output device enabling communication with the computer.
Text document–A document that has text, as opposed to graphics.
Tilde–The wavy line at the top left on the keyboard.
Tilde commands–Commands that must be prefixed by a tilde.
Upload–To transfer a software program someplace.
User interface–The software and hardware that lets the user control a computer.
Username–(Also called “User ID”) A computer identification name, as for e-mail or access permission.
Undelete–To undo a command to delete, available because the material was actually put onto a clipboard.
Uuencode–A utility software program that turns binary code into ASKII code.
Uudecode–A utility software program that turns ASKII code (7-bit) into binary code.(8-bit)
Virtual–A prefix indicating that something is located on the Internet, as in “virtual bank” or “virtual community.”
Web page–A Web address where information is on public display.
Whois–A program that enables the user to obtain addresses for people.
Workaround–A non-standard method of accomplishing a particular task.
World Wide Web–A computer network on the Internet that uses a suite of protocols enabling a set of sophisticated techniques such as hyperlinking to be used.
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